Uterine Fibroids are the most common benign tumor found in the female reproductive tract. They are found in 20-40 percent of women. Fibroid tumors are caused by a localized overgrowth of muscle fibers which start out as microscopic tumors. Most fibroids range in size from a marble to a grapefruit. However in extreme cases can grow immensely and distended the abdomen to the size of a full term pregnancy.
Fibroids can present in various ways, and women may complain of any of the following symptoms:
- Heavy vaginal bleeding
- Pelvic pressure
- Pelvic pain
- Sexual discomfort
- Urinary frequency
- Abdominal swelling
Complications of fibroids include:
- Heavy irregular vaginal bleeding
- Blood transfusion
- Recurrent miscarriages
- Severe pain
At Texas Gynecology and Laser Surgery Center, fibroid tumors are diagnosed by patient symptoms, family history, pelvic exam, and office ultrasound.
Fibroid tumors constitute the most common indication for hysterectomy in the United States. However many women with fibroids desire to maintain their fertility options. For these women Dr. Farnam offers laparoscopic and Robotic Myomectomy. This procedure is performed through small incision and involves the removal of fibroids while preserving the uterus and the patient's fertility. The patient is able to return home the same day of surgery.